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Baltimore: A City of Firsts

1743 - First professional sports organization in the United States - Maryland Jockey Club

1773 - First US stage coach route - Baltimore to Philadelphia

1774 - First Post Office System in the United States

1778 - First independent corps in the Revolutionary War Army- organized by Count Casimir Pulaski

1783 - First dredger in the world - the Baltimore Mud Machine, was invented by Andrew and John Ellicot.

1784 - First balloon ascension in the US with a person on board - Edward Warren

1784 - First Methodist church in America- Lovely Lane Meeting House

1785 - First general meeting of the Quakers

1785 - First church of the United Brethren

1789 - First Catholic diocese in the U.S.

1791 - First Roman Catholic seminary in the U.S. St. Mary's Seminary

1792 - The first monument to Columbus in the United States

1792 - First water company chartered in the United States - Baltimore Water Company.

1796 - First Sunday newspaper in America- Monitor

1796 - First sugar refinery in the U.S. - founded by Garts and Leypoldt

1797 - First US war ship to capture an enemy vessel - Constellation

1798 - First fort built by U.S. Government – Fort McHenry national Monument and Historic Shrine

1799 - First Swedenborgain church-erected at Exeter and Baltimore Street

1800 - Fist investment banking house in America- founded by Alexander Brown

1803 - First electric refrigerator- invented by Thomas Moore

1804 - First stationary store- Lucas Brothers

1811 - First U.S. company to import and consumer package teas – Martin Gillet and Company

1814 - Birthplace of the Star-Spangled Banner - written by Francis Scott Key at Fort McHenry

1815 - First manufacturers of silverware in the United States - Samuel Kirk Company

1815 - The first permanent monument to George Washington was built.

1816 - First city to illuminate streets with hydrogen gas

1817 - First independent Unitarian church- formed at 21 Hanover Street, home of Henry Payson

1817 - First annual conference of the African Methodist Episcopal church

1819 - First Odd Fellows lodge in the U.S.- organized by Thomas Wildey and others

1819 - First gaslight company in the country- Gas Light Company of Baltimore

1820 - First canning of oysters- by Thomas Kennett

1828 - First American umbrella factory - William Beehler

1828 - First railroad for commercial transportation of passengers and freight B & O railroad

1829 - First black Catholic religious order of nuns- Oblate Sisters of Providence

1830 - First coal burning steam locomotive built - Tom Thumb

1830 - First operating railroad depot in the US - Mt. Clare Station

1831 - First national nominating convention for President of the United States

1836 - First regular steam vessel to cross the Atlantic from the U.S - "City of Kingston"

1836 - First car ferry used in the U.S. was built in Baltimore for the Susquehanna River

1839 - First commercial canning of corn

1840 - First dental college in the world- Baltimore College of Dental Surgery

1840 - First steam boating company in the U.S. - Baltimore steam packet Co.

1844 - First public supported high schools for girls - Eastern High School and Western High School

1844 - World's first telegraph line established between Baltimore and Washington - Samuel Morse

1848 - First ice cream freezer - patented by W. G. Young

1849 - First teachers college for women - Baltimore Female College (Goucher College)

1853 - First Radial heater for the home - at Mansion Alexandrffsky

1854 - First Jewish Community Center I the U.S. - (YMHA) Young Men's Hebrew Association

1856 - First Elevator to be operated by electrical power - invented by James Bates

1859 - First YMCA - Pratt and Schroeder Streets

1859 - First American horse drawn street car line was done so in Fell's Point

1869 - First black labor union - Colored Businessmen's Association, organized by Isacc Meyers

1869 - First candy factory to produce licorice - J.S. Young Company

1875 - The first monument to Edgar Allan Poe

1878 - First animal welfare association - American Humane Society

1879 - First synthetic sweetening agent - Saccharine, developed at Johns Hopkins University

1883 - First public financed vocational school in the U.S. - Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

1884 - First typesetting machine in the world - invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler

1885 - First commercial electric street car line - Baltimore to Hampden

1886 - First public Library System with branches - Enoch Pratt Free Library

1890 - First steam tanker built in America The Maverick by W.T.Malster

1891 - First commercial stomach antacid seltzer - Bromo-Seltzer, made by Captain Isaac E. Emerson

1892 - First bottle caps with crown cork in the U.S.- Crown Cork and Seal

1892 - First Ouija board - invented and patented by Isaac and William Fuld

1895 - First Catholic college for women - Notre Dame College

1895 - First electronic railway locomotive in the world - put in service by the B&O

1896 - First Multi-store shopping center building in the country - Roland Park Marketplace

1897 - First country day school in the U.S. - Gilman School

1897 - First practical submarine in the US - "Argonaut," invented by Simon Lake

1900 - First time duck bowling introduced - at Diamond Bowling Alleys

1901 - First woman professor at a U.S. medical School - Dr. Florence Rena Sabin

1906 - First city magazine- Baltimore Magazine

1911 - First international women's volunteer organization - Hadassah, founded by Henrietta Szold

1916 - First portable electric drill with pistol grip - Black & Decker

1916 - First municipal orchestra supported by public funds - Baltimore Symphony Orchestra

1917 - First gas station with pumps enabling a driver to see the amount of gasoline being pumped

1920 - First factory to manufacture stainless steel - Rustless Iron & Steel Company

1921 - First National Guard Air Squadron started - Logan Field

1921 - First black musical on Broadway - written by Baltimorean Eubie Blake, Shuffle Along

1922 - First nationwide presidential radio broadcast - by President Warren G. Harding

1925 - First triple combination fireboat in service - operated by Baltimore City Fire Dept

1932 - First producer of venetian blinds in the United States - Eastern Venetian Blind Company

1936 - First black newspaper chain- Afro-American Newspaper

1946 - First photograph of earth from space - produced at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory

1948 - First Stratovision television telecast

1959 - First Mobile microwave television tower

1964 - First Permanent Building in the U.S to have a revolving restaurant - Holiday Inn, Downtown

1966 - First baseball player to be named MVP in both leagues - Frank Robinson

1967 - First African-American to serve on the US supreme Court - Baltimorean Thurgood Marshall

1975 - First native born U.S. Citizen to be canonized as a saint - Elizabeth Seton (born 1809)

1983 - First African American wax museum - The National Great Blacks in Wax Museum

1995 - First American city to win championship in the Canadian Football League - Baltimore Stallions

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